Mispronounced Words in Modern Rohingya Language

Rohangya or Rohingya language is formed from a variety of languages including  Sanskrit, Pali,  Arabic, Persian (Farsi, Avestan, Afghani and Turkish), Hindustani,  West Bengali,  Dutch, Portuguese,  Burmese, Kashmiri, Assamese, Nepali and Malay. And there would be 100 and 28 speech sounds in Rohangya language. It is also the language of the ethnic  Chakma  or  Thetkama  and  Daingnet  of the officially recognized as one of the indigenous  races of  Arakan, Burma.

The difference between Rohingya and Thetkama, Chakma and Dainget languages is that they are followers of Buddhism since centuries back, and Rohingyas have become followers of Islam. Therefore Rohingyas study in Arabic, Farsi and Urdu languages in religious schools which influenced Rohingya language and have words from these languages. Thetkama and Chakma is actually a dialect of the majority Rohingya group. 

The earliest language spoken and written in Arakan was the ancient Sanskrit language which was inscribed on the Ananda Chandra  Stone Pillar erected in 7th century A.D. 

Today, there are a few people among Rohingyas who are working to restore the dying language and disappearing costums, traditions and culture of  ethnic Rohingya people.

The early inhabitants of Arakan, forefathers of Rohingya nation were people of Indo-Aryan and Hindus by faith. And Sanskrit was their spoken and written language in Arakan, which is still spoken by Rohingyas. But many among Rohingyas are still unaware of the being destroyed language of ours by the illiterate people among us as they do not have the skills to read or write. In my point of view, they do not have enough attentiveness to clearly understand and recognize sounds of letters or spoken words. Making not much longer comment, the Burmese government is responsible for the illiteracy among our people.

Now Rohingya language has words from many languages mentioned above. After Sanskrit,  Arabic language came to influence into  Rohingya language since 8th century with Islam religion introduced in Arakan by Arabs. Persian language was the official language of Arakan during the Mrauk-U kingdom, and since then Farsi and other languages of Persia influenced into Rohangya. During the British colony in India, Arakan became a division of India and taught Hindi-Urdu/Hindustani language in Arakanese schools. Since then Rohingyas study in Arabic, Farsi and Urdu languages in religious schools and Burmese, Magha (Rakhine), and English languages in government schools.  

Here are some incorrectly pronounced or corrupted words in the modern Rohingya language with their formal form,  spoken by people in eastern parts of Arakan in towns near the ancient kingdoms  Dhanyawadi,  Wetharli and Mrauk-U  with their origins where these words came from. There are many more words to be studied. I am currently working on making a comparative language book with all the major languages related to Rohingya and mentioned races in the history of Arakan.

__ Rasheed Ahmed Ruhmie 

Smartphone users swipe to left to see the corrupted words and their meanings.

LanguagesOriginsFormalCorruptedMeanings
Sanskrit मानुष/maanucamanúcmoñócman
Sanskrit अङ्गुल/anggulang’uloñolfinger
Hindustaniकौआ/kauvákawahawwacrow
Bengaliকাহার/kahárkarharwhose?
Sanskrit धूमक/dhūmakdúmadhwáñsmoke
Sanskrit काला/kaalakalahalablack
Sanskrit पक्ष/pakcpakfakwing
Sanskrit पानी/paanípanífaníwater
Sanskrit शाक/caákhákákleafy greens
Arabicخبر/xäbårkhäbårhóbornews
Arabic خاص/xáaskháasháasparticular
Arabicخالي/xáalikháliháliempty
Arabicيقين/yaqinyåkinekincertainty
Hindustaniखर्चा/kharčákhärsahóssaexpenses
Hindustani कचरा/kåčårákåsarahoñcoçajunk, trash
Sanskrit कोमल/kōmälkumålhoñoldelicate
Sanskrit खान/kháankhänhóoneating
Hindustsniकबूतर/kåbutärkōitårhoitorpigeon
Hindustaniकिसने?/kisné?kåne?hone?who?
Sanskrit वानर/vaanärbannårbañdormonkey
Sanskrit पुराण/puráanpuranfuranold
Sanskrit कल्य/kalyakalyahaillayesterday
Farsiپردہ/pårdáhpårdaforodacurtain
Farsiخون/xúunkhúnkúnblood
Farsiپیشاب/pēcáabpecápfecáfurine
Farsiپیاز/pyaázpyañsfiyañsonion
Avestahásiyaháñsaáñsatruth
Avestaånyaånÿooinnoother
Avestajimažēmzaiyum(I) shall go
Portuguese armárioarmaliemmalicupboard
Portuguese tanque/tankitangkithangkitank
Sanskrit कच्छप/kåččhäpkåssäphossóftortoise
Hindustani मौज़ा/mauzámoōzamouzasock
Sanskrit पत्र/patrapatafataleaf
Sanskrit पद्र/padraparafaravillage
Sanskrit पाद/paadapalafalapillar
Sanskrit पेचक/pecakapeñsafeñsaowl
Farsiپیاله/pyaalahpialafiyalacup
Arabicاخلاص/ēxlaasexélasekélassincerity
Arabicختم/xåtämkhätåmhótomconclusion
Arabicخطره/xåtrahkhätårahótoradanger
Bengaliপচা/počapoñsafoñsarotten
Farsiدرخواست/
dårxuaast
dårxäasdorhásrequest
Sanskrit पांच/pančpañsfañsfive
Bengaliকাপড়/kaporkabårhoorcloth
Burmese စောင့်/såungsångsoñiawait
Maghaဖရား/pharáaphärafóragod
Farsiبنه/ bunahbundabuñdabundle
Farsiخاندان/khaandankhándanhándanfamily, dynasty
Farsiخوشى/khushikhúñchikúcihappiness
Hindustani खंड/khandkhándahándasegment, piece
Farsiجوان/jawáanjuanzuanadult, young
Bengaliচাউল/čaulsaulsouil(uncooked) rice
Hindustani पता/patáapattafattaaddress
Farsiخوراک/khuraakkhúrakkúraknourishment
Hindustani खाट/khaatkháñtháñtcot, bedstead
Hindustaniफूल/phuúlphúlfúlflower
Sanskrit प्राण/praánpåranforansoul, life
Sanskrit अन्य/anyaånÿooinnoother
Portuguese câmarakamárahamáraroom, chamber